I don’t have access to the full article behind the abstract below but it seems rather brainless. Unless it is a very bad abstract, it would appear that no distinction was made between legal and illegal immigration. Since most critics of illegal immigration have no problem with legal immigration, the study perpetrates a total confusion of two different things.
So what the heck do their results mean? Very difficult to say. Nothing, probably. But their weaselly conclusion that their findings are “consistent with” opposition to immigration being caused by “ethnocentrism” is demonstrably wrong.
Why? Because “ethocentrism” is a theory masquerading as a concept and the theory is demonstrably not true. Liking for one’s own group has NOTHING to do with dislike of other groups. Surprising to the simple minds of Left-leaning academics though that might be, that is what the research has repeatedly shown See e.g. here. Awareness of the existing psychological literature on the subject would not seem to be a strong point of the authors below.
Attitudes toward Highly Skilled and Low-skilled Immigration: Evidence from a Survey Experiment
By JENS HAINMUELLER and MICHAEL J. HISCOX
Past research has emphasized two critical economic concerns that appear to generate anti-immigrant sentiment among native citizens: concerns about labor market competition and concerns about the fiscal burden on public services. We provide direct tests of both models of attitude formation using an original survey experiment embedded in a nationwide U.S. survey. The labor market competition model predicts that natives will be most opposed to immigrants who have skill levels similar to their own. We find instead that both low-skilled and highly skilled natives strongly prefer highly skilled immigrants over low-skilled immigrants, and this preference is not decreasing in natives’ skill levels. The fiscal burden model anticipates that rich natives oppose low-skilled immigration more than poor natives, and that this gap is larger in states with greater fiscal exposure (in terms of immigrant access to public services). We find instead that rich and poor natives are equally opposed to low-skilled immigration in general. In states with high fiscal exposure, poor (rich) natives are more (less) opposed to low-skilled immigration than they are elsewhere. This indicates that concerns among poor natives about constraints on welfare benefits as a result of immigration are more relevant than concerns among the rich about increased taxes. Overall the results suggest that economic self-interest, at least as currently theorized, does not explain voter attitudes toward immigration. The results are consistent with alternative arguments emphasizing noneconomic concerns associated with ethnocentrism or sociotropic considerations about how the local economy as a whole may be affected by immigration.